PANOPTICON

Cyberspace

ai history

History of AI

1943: Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts publish “A Logical Calculus of the Ideas Immanent in Nervous Activity,” which lays the foundations for neural networks. (January) 1956: John McCarthy coins the term “artificial intelligence” and organizes a conference on the topic at Dartmouth College. (July) 1952: Alan Turing publishes “Computing Machinery and Intelligence,” in which he

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Cyberculture Johnny Mnemonic cybrtpunk panopticon

Cyberculture: Hackers, Bots and Datascape

In his 1984 novel “Neuromancer”, cyberpunk novelist William Gibson famously coined the term “cyberspace” to describe the fictional “datascape” that his characters entered by “jacking in” – connecting their consciousness directly to networked computers. “Cyberspace. A consensual hallucination experienced daily by millions of legitimate operators. . . . A graphic representation of data abstracted from

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